Gedung Merdeka

Bandung, West Java, Indonesia

The History of Bandung and Gedung Merdeka

Bandung was officially founded by the Dutch East Indies colonial government, under Governor-General Herman Willem Daendels on September 25, 1810, from what was originally a closed area for forced planting, to a transit area and to develop as a city for holidays. The nickname Bandung Paris Van Java was popularized by the Dutch, in which the nickname was closely related to the development of tourism in the Dutch East Indies.

Bandung as the Paris of Java Island emerged as it became the center of fashion style. In addition, architecture in Bandung applies art deco as a reference for the construction of buildings that are very similar to Paris. Examples that can be seen are Sociëteit Concordia, the Preanger Hotel Building and the Savoy Homan hotel. Bandung also has many art public spaces such as museums, galleries and theaters.

Post Indonesia’s independence, Indonesia’s political situation was unstable. In an effort to maintain independence, on March 23, 1946 the Bandung Lautan Api or ‘Bandung Sea of Fire’ occurred. During this event, 200,000 Bandung residents burned their own homes and left the city to the mountains south of Bandung. The burning of houses and buildings was carried out to prevent the Dutch NICA allies and troops from using the city as a military base. However, important buildings such as Sociëteit Concordia remain intact.

In the early period of the reign, the government set the Concordia building as a public meeting hall. In 1954, the renowned Concordia became popular when it was appointed by the government of the Republic of Indonesia as the venue of the Asia-Africa Conference. Asia-Africa Conference was the first international assembly of Asian-African Nations and was attended by 29 Asian and African countries from 18 to 24 April 1955.

Therefore, at the beginning of 1955, a restoration project was conducted to improve the quality of the building and accommodate international-level meetings. On April 7th, 1955, first Indonesia’s president, Soekarno, subsequently renamed the Concordia into Gedung Merdeka along with Jalan Raya Pos which changed into Jalan Asia Afrika. Now, this building is used as a museum exhibiting various collectables and photos of the Asia-Africa Conference.(Source:


Gedung Merdeka is located at Jalan Asia Afrika No. 65 Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

  • 5 meters form Museum Asia Afrika
  • 10 meters from Savoy Homann Hotel
  • 50 meters from Alun Alun Bandung
  • 100 meters from Grand Hotel Preanger
  • 3 km form Bandung Train Station
  • 6,4 km form Husein Sastranegara International Airport
  • 178 km form Soekarno Hatta International Airport Jakarta

How to get here?

Since the COVID 19 pandemic, direct international flights to Husein Sastranegara Airport in Bandung have been suspended and have not been reopened until now. Only a few domestic flights are still being served.

International participants abroad can travel via Soekarno-Hatta Airport located in Jakarta, where the distance between Jakarta and Bandung is 180 km. You can travel more easily and conveniently from Jakarta to Bandung with various transportation options available that make it easy to reach the destination quickly and effectively.

You can choose to use the train as a transportation to Bandung from Soekarno Hatta Airport. However, travel with train requires a number of transportation changes. Take the Airport Train from Soerkarno Hatta Airport to BNI City Station then continue by taxi (metered or online) to Gambir Station Jakarta. From Gambir Station, trains are available to Bandung with the final destination of Bandung Railway Station. 

Traveling via toll roads is becoming a more popular alternative nowadays.  You can use the shuttle bus service from Soekarno Hatta airport. There are more than 4 companies with departure points to Bandung from terminal 1 (1A, 1B, 1C) Terminal 2F, and terminal 3 (3 and 3 Ultimate).

Participants who want full flexibility, renting a car or booking an airport transfer is the best option. By renting a car, You can go directly to Gedung Merdeka Bandung without the need to change transportation. Usually takes around 2-3 hours, depending on traffic conditions.

Participants are advised to consider factors such as time, budget, personal preference, and traffic conditions when choosing transportation. By choosing the most suitable option, traveling from Soekarno-Hatta Airport to Gedung Merdeka in Bandung can be a pleasant experience.

From Soekarno Hatta International Airport

  • Car/Bus Travel from Terminal 1, 2, 3 to Bandung Pool 
  • Car Rent
  • Airport Transfer

From Husein Sastranegara International Airport Bandung 

  • Metered Taxi (Blue Bird)
  • Online Taxi (GrabCar, GoCar)
  • Airport Transfer (Blue Bird)You

From Bandung Train Stations

  • Metered Taxi (Blue Bird) 
  • Online Taxi (GrabCar, GoCar)

Jl. Asia Afrika No.65, Braga, Kec. Sumur Bandung,
Kota Bandung, Jawa Barat 40111